Being committed to the duty of Cancer prevention, The Center offers a number of selected educational video materials to aid the concerned to understand more about Oncology.
Education can help ease the anxiety of the unknown.
It can help debunk the many myths people are told by well-meaning friends and family.
Moreover, we feel strongly that an educated patient is better able to advocate for themselves.
They are better prepared to care for themselves at home, manage side effects, and safely go through treatment.
A digital (finger) rectal examination is done to check for problems with organs or other structures in the pelvis and lower belly.
During the examination, a health professional gently puts a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the rectum.
He may use the other hand to press on the lower belly or pelvic area.
A digital rectal exam is done for men as part of a complete physical examination to check the prostate gland.
It has been recommended to start screening at the age of 50.
Males having a first degree relative with prostate cancer should start even earlier than that at 40 or 45.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland.
The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood. The doctor takes a blood sample, and the amount of PSA is measured in a laboratory.
Because PSA is produced by the body and can be used to detect disease, it is sometimes called a biological marker or a tumor marker. It is normal for men to have a low level of PSA in their blood; however, prostate cancer or benign(not cancerous) conditions can increase a man’s PSA level.
As men age, both benign prostate conditions and prostate cancer become more common. The most frequent benign prostate conditions are prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (enlargement of the prostate).
There is no evidence that prostatitis or BPH causes cancer, but it is possible for a man to have one or both of these conditions and to develop prostate cancer as well.
A man’s PSA level alone does not give doctors enough information to distinguish between benign prostate conditions and cancer.
However, the doctor will take the result of the PSA test into account when deciding whether to check further for signs of prostate cancer.
Doctors’ recommendations for screening vary.
Some encourage yearly screening for men over age 50, and some advise men who are at a higher risk for prostate cancer to begin screening at age 40 or 45.
Others caution against routine screening.
Although specific recommendations regarding PSA screening vary, there is general agreement that men should be informed about the potential risks and benefits of PSA screening before being tested.