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Patients' Guidance

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Patients' Guidance

Cervical Cancer

Being committed to the duty of Cancer prevention, The Center offers a number of selected educational video materials to aid the concerned to understand more about Oncology.
Education can help ease the anxiety of the unknown.
It can help debunk the many myths people are told by well-meaning friends and family.
Moreover, we feel strongly that an educated patient is better able to advocate for themselves.
They are better prepared to care for themselves at home, manage side effects, and safely go through treatment.

Pap Smear

What Is a Pap Smear?

A Pap smear (Pap test) is a test of a sample of cells taken from a woman's cervix.
The test is used to look for changes in the cells of the cervix that show cervical cancer or conditions that may develop into cancer.
It is the best tool to detect precancerous conditions and hidden, small tumors that may lead to cervical cancer.
If detected early, cervical cancer can be cured.

When do I need to start screening for Cervical cancer?

Pap screen testing should begin at age 21.
Routine screening is recommended every two years for women 21-29 years old.
For certain women 30 years and older who have had three consecutive normal screening test results, testing can be done every three years.

How Is a Pap Smear Performed?

The Pap smear is done during a pelvic exam. A doctor uses a device called a speculum to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix can be examined.
A plastic spatula and small brush are used to collect cells from the cervix. After the cells are taken, they are placed into a solution.
The solution is sent to a lab for testing.

Is the Pap Smear Painful?

A Pap smear is not painful, but the pelvic exam may be a little uncomfortable.

What Do the Results of a Pap Smear Mean?

A normal Pap smear means the cells from the cervix look normal.
An abnormal Pap smear means the cells do not look normal. Sometimes repeat Pap smears are needed.
Different tests also may need to be done, such as a colposcopy (the use of a special microscope to examine the cervix and vagina).

What Happens If the Results Are Abnormal?

An abnormal Pap smear does not necessarily mean that cancer cells were found during the examination.
There are many causes for abnormal Pap smear results. Your doctor will evaluate the results to determine if further testing is necessary.

Why Would I Need to Repeat the Pap Smear?

A repeat Pap smear may be necessary if you had an infection at the time of the test or if there were not enough cells collected during the test.
Since decreased levels of the female hormone estrogen also can influence Pap smear results, menopausal women may need to take estrogen before they repeat the test.
If the results of the repeat Pap smear are still abnormal, your doctor may recommend that you have a colposcopy to further evaluate the problem.


What is a Colposcopy?

Colposcopy is a gynecological procedure that illuminates and magnifies the vulva, vaginal walls, and uterine cervix in order to detect and examine abnormalities of these structures. The cervix is the base of the womb (uterus) and leads out to the birth canal (vagina). During colposcopy, special tests [acetic acid wash, use of color filters, and sampling (biopsy) of tissues] can be done.